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Internet Terminology Clarified
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.biz is a top-level domain name which is intended for company use. The .biz extension was established in two-thousand-one and was commenced to alleviate the huge proclivity for .com domains.
.com stands for commercial. .com is a top-level extension and is one of the initial top-level domains, created in nineteen-eighty-five. At the present time the .com domain extension is the best used domain extension on the World Wide Web. The .com extension may be registered by any person or organization the world over.
The .edu domain is a top-level domain intended for educational organizations. The .edu domain was incepted, in 1985.
The .net domain extension was one of the earliest domain name extensions introduced, derived in the New Year of 1985. The .net extension was intially derived for the convenience of network oriented entities such as internet service providers (ISPs). Right now there are no restrictions on who can and cannot register extensions with a .net domain.
The .org domain extension was one of the first top-level domains, originally commenced for the use of institutions. The .org domain was created in the first month of nineteen-eighty-five and is now attainable to all internet consumers.
A bitmap image format, Graphics Interchange Format was incepted, in 1987 and is a prevalent form commonly used the net.
Created by Joint Photographic Experts Group, the .jpeg or .jpg (also named a JPEG) is an accepted configuration for the compression of . The .jpeg is a stock format commonly in use across the World Wide Web for storing and transmitting images.
A file arrangement developed by Apple personal computer. The .mov extension is employed to look at files conversations the Quicktime media player.
The term .mpeg means "Motion Picture Experts Group". .mpeg makes reference to a group of compression standards for coding audiovisual material.
The .zip is a well-known file compression formation used all over the world
Similar to the 10BaseT, although the 100BaseT runs at 100 Mbps. 100Base T is a 100 Megabit per second Ethernet protocol which permits ports to be affiliated via a pair of twisted cables. Signals are transmitted at 100 Megabits per second.
A 10 Megabit per second Ethernet protocol which enables ports to be allied via a pair of twisted cables. Signals are broadcast at 10 Megabits per second and the "T" correctly stands for the twisted pair cables.
An A record is a constituent of a zone file, which is used to divert domain names to a certain IP address.
Access is known as a relational database originated by Microsoft that works in a Windows encompassment. It is employed by all levels of producers who wish to create and process knowledge.
Used in Microsoft internet Explorer, Active Channel is employed on websites which most often update content.
ActiveX is a technology started by Microsoft, it grants software units to interact with one another in a networked habitat. ActiveX is related to other Microsoft technologies such as Object Linking and Embedding as well as segment Object Model.
ADSL actually means Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop. ADSL is a technology which allows greater data to be transferred across existing copper telephone lines. ADSL is a staple form of DSL technology which is used by many homes and small businesses. The download speed is commonly much greater than the upload speed.
Anonymous FTP enables users to receive access of files, programs, and documents which have been archived on the net and accessible to all. A specific user identification or password is not necessary in order to login to an anonymous FTP site.
A Java application which can present animation and database queries. The information can be sent from a web server to a user's PC and executed on the client.
Archie is a search tool which retrieves specific files stored on anonymous FTP sites.
ARPANet literally means Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. ARPANet was brought out in the nineteen-sixties by the United States Department of Defense as an experiment in wide-area networking as a method of communication in the event of a nuclear attack. ARPANet can be considered as the precursor to the Internet.
ASP literally stands for Active Server Pages. ASP is a web server domain extension established by Microsoft. ASP allows websites to be dynamically introduced via scripts, HTML, and ActiveX.
ATM actually stands for Asynchronous Transfer Mode, which is a technology based on transferring info groups over a dedicated connection. ATM permits the transmission of different types of data such as video and audio.
An acronym for the American Standard Code for instruction Interchange. ASCII is a authoritative set of codes employed for the representation of characters, numbers, symbols, and control characters in data communication and storage.
A backbone is made up of high-speed lines and connections which serve as the main network connections that produce the World Wide Web.
the amount of advice that can be transferred over a specific network across a particular amount of time. Bandwidth is generally measured in Mbps.
A rate of data transfer which is based upon the numbers (almost always bits) transferred per second.
An acronym for Bulletin Board System, BBS is a classification commonly in use all over the net which grants people to share advice and messages with each other.
A method used to transfer files from a non-text format into ASCII text.
Binary Digit, a bit is the smallest unit of info that a computer can recognize.
An acronym for Because It's Time Network, is a format that allows academic and research facilities to remain coupled. The BITNET network is very often employed for email, file transfers, and mailing lists.
an abbreviation for Bits per Second, BPS is the measurement of the number of bits that can be transferred over a particular network.
A software program used to view and navigate the Internet.
An acronym mainly employed online in various forms of messaging. BTW is shorthand for "by the way".
A byte is a series of eight bits which collectively represent a single character.
A third party which performs the duties of a notary across the internet. A certificate authority is an authority in a network that issues and manages security credentials for message encryption and decryption over the Internet.
CGI is an acronym for Common Gateway Interface and permits pages created with HTML to interact with programming applications.
A CGI-BIN is a storage folder that contains CGI scripts.
A computer with the ability to contact and retrieve information for a server program or another personal computer.
Refers to the situation where the owner of a server has his/her server physically located at a data center owned by another organisation.
A software application that creates dynamic database driven HTML pages.
When an individual registers a extension, the registrar of the domain name maintains the contact material for the technical, billing, and administrative contact.
An individual, usually a programmer, who breaks into PC systems in order to steal or alter knowledge.
A term coined in 1984 by author William Gibson in order to describe the world of computers and the society which is gathered around personal computers. The entire World Wide Web can be categorized as "cyberspace".
"DNS" is short for the domain System, which is the entity that translates internet extensions into IP numbers.
An advanced form of web hosting where the customer normally has complete control over the server. Dedicated Servers are often housed in data centers. Dedicated servers could be compared to shared web hosting servers; where in shared hosting you find the web hosting entity administering and control the server, a dedicated server is usually controlled by the server's owner and he or she controls which websites are hosted on the server.
Digerati is the digital version of literati and is made up of elite persons in the personal computer and online communities.
A domain is the unique name that identifies an net site. A extension is the text name corresponding to the numeric IP address of a PC on the net.
"Domain Parking" is a specific status of a domain following the completion of its registration. Rather than placing an active website for a specific domain name, an individual could decide to hold the extension and not do anything active with the domain name.
The process by which a company or individual selects a domain and later officially registers the domain communications an approved extension registrar.
An individual or business who is the owner and the individual(s) involved with the registration of a domain name.
A organization that is accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers in order to provide extension registration services for a fee.
A domain name registry has two main tasks. One task is giving out domains under their top level extension to those who ask for them; and the other task is making the database of domain name registrations available globally.
domains are registered by the year and once the registered domain name expires, the registrant has the option of either keeping the extension and "renewing" the registration or he/she can decide to cancel the registration facility and allow the public to register the domain.
The function that converts a domain name, whether private or on the public World Wide Web, into an IP address.
To renew a extension with a registrar who was not the registrar who originally provided the registration service, an owner must first transfer sponsorship of the domain to the new registrar.
Electric commerce: the conducting of business communication and transactions over networks and communications computers. Specifically, ecommerce is the buying and selling of goods and services, and the transfer of funds, conversations digital communications.
Electronic mail: Mail composed and sent on a personal computer complex or network.
A method of networking computers in a local area network (LAN).
FAQ's are widely used on the internet and generally provide a good mechanism of gaining an overview on a topic.
Fiber Distributed Data Interface. FDDI is a 100 Mbps fiber optic LAN. It is an ANSI general. It uses a "counter-rotated" Token ring topology. An FDDI LAN is commonly called a "backbone" LAN. It is used for joining file servers together and for joining other LANs together.
An Internet software tool for locating individuals on other World Wide Web sites.
A Firewall is a conformity which limits network access between two or more networks. Normally, a Firewall is deployed between a trusted, protected private network and an untrusted public network.
An argument or ongoing sequence of hostile communications between several individuals in a public forum on the internet.
A Microsoft application that can be employed as an end-to-end website management tool.
File Transfer Protocol: The prevailing net protocol for transferring files from one PC to another.
A personal computer setup that connects two incompatible services such as a commercial online service and the internet.
A unit of storage measurement consisting of one billion bytes (one thousand megabytes).
A program which utilises a network of interlinked menus for accessing publicly distributed resources and documents on computers distributed across the Internet.
In the context of visitors to web pages, a hit (or site hit) is a single access request made to the server for either a text file or a graphic.
The main page of a web site. Usually, the home page serves as an index or table of contents to other documents stored at the website.
A PC combined to the World Wide Web.
The facility which offers accessibility and maintenance of disk space on which an net web site is positioned. Ultimate Domains UK is a web hosting leader and implements web hosting services to persons and businesses around the world. Ultimate Domains UK accommodates a complete hosting package called the Ultimate Hosting Plan which comprises of Unlimited Email Accounts; Unlimited Disk Space; Unlimited Bandwidth; Unlimited SubDomains; Unlimited MySQL Databases and a Website Builder, and additionally a fantastic amount of software and other amazing products like web design hosting services.
Hypertext Markup Language is the authoring software language employed on the World Wide Web's net. HTML is used for creating Internet pages.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol is the set of rules for exchanging files (text, graphic electronic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the internet.
This term describes the totality that allows documents to be cross- linked in such a way that the reader can explore similar documents by clicking on a highlighted word or symbol.
Index Server is an advanced search engine. An Index Server enables for an efficient search of your website since it is fully customizable and can be set not to need constant re-indexing.
A international network of computers that permits the "sharing" or "networking" of information at remote sites from other academic institutions, research institutes, private companies, government agencies, and people.
A private network that is contained within an enterprise, which utilises net protocols.
Internet Protocol. A packet-based protocol for delivering data across networks.
(Internet Protocol Address) A unique number consisting of 4 parts separated by dots, eg 126.96.36.199 Every machine that is on the Internet has a unique IP address - if a machine does not have an IP address, it is not really on the internet. Most machines also have one or more extensions that are easier for individuals to remember.
Internet Relay Chat. A live chat area of the World Wide Web in which real-time conversations among several persons take place via special software. Each specific IRC channel begins with a # and is dedicated to a different area of interest. IRC is considered another part of the technology of the net the same way FTP, Telnet and the Web are.
Integrated Services Digital Network. An international normal for end-to-end digital transmission of voice, data, and signaling. In a videoconference it is a organization that furnishes simultaneous voice, video, and text transmission between individual desktop videoconferencing systems and group (room) videoconferencing systems.
Internet Service Provider. A organisation that administers access to the Internet. Before you can connect to the World Wide Web you must first start an account with an ISP.
Java is a programming language invented by Sun Microsystems. Java programs (or "applets") can be downloaded from the internet to your personal computer. They can also be used to enhance Web pages. Common Java applets employed on Web pages include animation, calculators, and counters.
The Java Development Kit (JDK) is a Sun product targeted at Java developers. Since the release of Java, it has been by far the most mainly employed Java SDK.
A thousand bytes. To be more accurate, one kilobyte actually contains 1024 bytes. Since the prefix "kilo" is associated with 1000, the term kilobyte is used to define 1024 bytes.
A local area network (LAN) is a PC network covering a local area, like a home, office or small group of buildings such as a college.
A dedicated telephone line that is rented for exclusive 24-hours-a-day, 7-days-a-week use from one location to another.
Linux is a free open-source operating utilidor based on Unix. Linux was originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of makers from around the globe. Ultimate Domains UK renders its customers with linux web hosting solutions and services.
Mailing list program for communicating with other people who have subscribed to the same list. Using e-mail, you can participate in listservs pertaining to your topics of interest. When you submit a message to the server, your message is relayed to all those on the listserv. You get messages from other participants via e-mail. It is similar to computer conferencing, but a listserv is asynchronous.
A method for you to type your username and password to gain access to restricted info or websites. A login is also a security measure for PC networks. A login ensures administrators that only authorized persons are gaining access to network resources.
An e-mail structure that includes multiple recipients as part of its address. List servers maintain a list of email addresses to be used for the mailing list. Subscribing and unsubscribing to the list is accomplished by sending a properly formatted email message to the list server. There are two types of mailing lists: moderated and unmoderated.
A unit of measurement equal to 1 million bytes or 1,024 kilobytes or 1,048,576 bytes.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface. MIDI is a standardized protocol for communication between electronic music devices as well as between those devices and personal computers.
Multipurpose Internet Mail extensions. A protocol for internet e-mail that enables the transmission of non-text data such as graphics, audio, video and other binary types of files.
A personal computer system that contains a duplicate copy of advice stored in another scheme. In Search Engine Marketing, mirrors are typically employed in an effort to target different keywords or keyword phrases. However the use of mirrors is against the Search Engines Guidelines and could get your site banned from the Search Engines.
A device that grants PC material to be sent over a telephone line. Modems convert the digital signal to analog so it can travel the phone line and then back to digital again for processing.
A function where contact instruction or DNS knowledge can be updated to reflect new changes pertaining to a domain. Administrative and Technical Contacts have the ability to modify domain name info. You can Log In using your User ID and Password after you have registered a domain and make on-line modifications to your contact record and DNS material. Also named an SQL command employed to update currently existing records in a table.
Multiuser Object-Oriented locale. Derived from MUD (Multiuser Dungeon), MOO offers people a way to communicate in real time with objects using just a shell account. Some MOOs are used in academic environments for distance education or collaboration such as Diversity University; but others are primarily social in nature, or used for role-playing games (RPGs).
Mosaic is a web browser (client) for the World Wide Web written at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). Its development began in 1992 and officially ceased on January 7, 1997. The popularity of this program has caused its name to be frequently employed as a generic term to refer to browsers of the world wide web.
Similar to a MOO (Multi Object Oriented game), a MUD is a multi-user simulation medium. They are text-based environments in which many users are able to communicate and construct an environment in 'real-time.'
Multi-User Simulated background -- One kind of MUD - normally with little or no violence.
Mail eXchange Record is an entry in a extension database that specifies a mail server to handle a domain name's email. If a host has three MX records, a mailer will try to deliver to all three before queuing the mail.
An advanced version of the Windows operating arrangement. Windows NT is a 32-bit operating combination that supports preemptive multitasking. There are actually two versions of Windows NT: Windows NT Server, designed to act as a server in networks and Windows NT Workstation for stand-alone or client workstations.
Name servers are setup to maintain host addresses for each sub-domain or zone within the name space as well as to maintain the address of root name server. Using recursive, queries or referring clients to other servers, a DNS server is capable of resolving the IP address for any host in the net.
Network etiquette; an informal group of rules and ways of behaving on the World Wide Web.
Derived from the term citizen, referring to a citizen of the Internet, or someone who uses networked resources. The term cannotes civic responsibility and participation.
A group of computers, connected by a telecommunications link, that share knowledge. A network may be composed of any combination of LANs, or WANs.
Network instruction Center: An organization which ministers network users with information to do with services provided by the network. One of the most well known of these on the internet is the InterNIC, which is where new domain names are registered.
Network News Transfer Protocol. A common method by which articles over Usenet are transferred. Node
Any device that is directly joined to a network, very often communications an Ethernet cable. Nodes include file servers and shared peripherals.
A fiber optic line carrying 155 Megabits per second; a United States designation that is often recognized throughout the telecommunications community all around the earth.
A method of switching data in a network. Individual packets of a set size and format are accepted by the network and delivered to their destination. The sequence of packets is maintained, and destination started, by the exchange of control advice (also contained in the packets) between the sending terminal and the network before the transmission starts. The network is open to all consumers, interminably, with packets from the various nodes being interleaved across the network.
a group of characters that is used to access something, such as checking e-mail. At Ultimate Domains UK we recommend you use a password that has both numbers and letters and is not a comprised of a general word, such as a word found in the dictionary.
A plugin is a program written by someone that is integrated into another application. The program plugs into the application. Plugins almost always provide additional functionality that isn't accessible in the application.
Post Office Protocol applies to a means that e-mail client software such as Citadel gets mail from a mail server. Point of Presence asserts to an access point to the net. Ultimate Domains UK hosting accounts come with POP3 email support and hosting.
Port - One of the network input/output channels of a computer running TCP/IP. In the Internet, port typically refers to the port number a server is running on. A single computer can have many Web servers running on it, but only one server can be running on each port. The default port for net servers is 80.
A single message entered into a network communications setup, for example posting to a newsgroup, blog, or message board.
Point to Point Protocol. Protocol encapsulating a connection to a TCP/IP network conversations a modem and a telephone line.
The process of updating a extension across the world's internet servers. Propagation can take between three to five days. For more advice please contact Ultimate Domains UK's customer support for instruction on extension propagation.
RFC, which correctly means Request For Comments is an World Wide Web document. RFC is the name given to discussion and documentation papers for internet standards.
A device or setup that finds the most relevant route between any two networks, even if there are many networks to traverse. It also chooses the most effective path between two networks when there are multiple paths. Some individuals see a router as a super intelligent bridge.
A large set of info (almost always stored as a text file) that is employed by the SSL protocol to establish a secure connection.
A server is a PC that handles requests for data, email, file transfers, and other network services from other personal computers. All Ultimate Domains UK web hosting accounts are kept on a server, if you would like more material on Ultimate Domains UK hosting products please visit the Ultimate Domains UK Products page.
A technology introduced by Macromedia, Inc. that grants Web pages to include multimedia objects. Shockwave player is the web accepted for multimedia playback over the World Wide Web. It permits the user to see interactive 3D content, entertainment and online learning material. Ultimate Domains UK websites support Shockwave therefore your site can include multimedia objects.
SLIP correctly means Serial Line Internet Protocol. SLIP asserts to a method of net connection that allows PCs to use phone lines and a modem to connect to the internet without having to connect to a host. Today SLIP is not generally employed especially when compared to years past.
SMDS means Switched Multimegabit Data Service. SMDS is a public, packet-based network facility aimed at enterprises that exchange large amounts of data with other enterprises over a WAN on a non-constant or bursty basis. SMDS equips packet switched bandwidth, on demand, in increments up to 34 megabits.
SMTP actually means Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, which is a protocol used to send and get email. Ultimate Domains UK email hosting servers support SMTP.
SNMP literally means Simple Network Management Protocol. SNMP is a protocol governing network management and the monitoring of network devices and their functions. It is commonly employed with TCP/IP networks, although it is not limited to TCP/IP networks. A host receiving an SNMP trap must be configured so it can respond to the trap.
Spam refers to electronic junk mail or junk newsgroup postings. Some persons define spam even more often as any unsolicited e-mail. Spam is considered to be very bad netiquette. Ultimate Domains UK email hosting services help protect users from spam email getting into their inbox.
Structured Query Language (SQL), pronounced "sequel", is a language that provides an interface to relational database systems. SQL can also be used to update, insert, and delete data. Ultimate Domains UK web hosting plans support SQL.
The Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a usually-employed protocol for managing the security of a message transmission over the net. Sockets applies to the sockets method of passing data back and forth between a client and a server program in a network or between program layers in the same personal computer. SSL utilises the public-and private-key encryption totality, which includes the use of a digital certificate. All Ultimate Domains UK shared web hosting accounts come with an SSL certificate on the server, although if you wish to have your own dedicated SSL certificate, you can do so by getting in touch with our Support Department.
A Sysop is short for "classification operator", and is a generally used term for the administrator of a bulletin board entity (BBS) or special-interest area of an online service or, historically, the operators of any computer combination, especially a mainframe computer. The man or woman responsible for the day-to-day operations of a PC utilidor or network. In large corporations, this woman or man can be the head of the IS (information systems) department.
A connection capable of carrying data at 1,544,000 bits per second. T-1 is most very often employed to connect networks to the Internet. T1 lines are normally used by small and medium-sized organisations with heavy network traffic. They can send and receive extremely large text files, graphics, sounds, and databases very quickly.
A T-3 line consists of 28 T1 lines or 44.736 million bits per second (normally referred to as 45 Mbps). A T-3 line can handle 672 voice communications. T-3 runs on fiber optic and is often called FT-3. A T-3 connection is extremely expensive to maintain, and is reserved for only the largest network installations. As with T-1, fractional T-3 is available, providing a portion of a T-3 pipe for a fraction of the cost of a full T-3 connection.
(Transmission Control Protocol & World Wide Web Protocol), TCP is one of the main protocols in TCP/IP networks. Whereas the IP protocol deals only with packets, TCP enables two hosts to establish a connection and exchange streams of data. TCP guarantees delivery of data and also guarantees that packets will be delivered in the same order in which they were sent. TCP/IP is a communications protocol developed under contract from the US Department of Defense to Internetwork dissimilar systems. Invented by Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn, this de facto UNIX customary is the protocol of the World Wide Web and has become the global standard for communications.
A terabyte is a measure of personal computer data storage capacity and is one thousand billion (1,000,000,000,000) bytes. It is typically abbreviated TB.
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A device that grants you to send commands to a PC some place else. At a minimum, this almost always means a keyboard and a display screen an some simple circuitry. More often than not you will use terminal software in a personal computer- the software pretends to be (emulates) a physical terminal and enables you to type commands to a personal computer somewhere else. me the code TTY is derived and is generally used to identify a generic terminal. The console is the main terminal directly linked to the computer. The term terminal is usually employed to mean the unit made by the keyboard and the display. The data stream received from a terminal is commonly referred to as [standard] input, ie one refer to what has been entered communications the keyboard.
A device that connects a number of terminals (or a number of modems) to a server or host. An net Service Provider (ISP) will have a rack of terminal servers, each associated to a rack of modems, that answer incoming data calls. The terminal server bestows network routing from the modem lines to the network.
Top Level Domain
A Top Level domain name (TLD) is the uppermost in the hierarchy of domains. In a extension, the top level domain name is that part of the domain that is furthest to the right. For example, the "com" in www.ultimate-domains-uk.com. If you are looking to register a extension, you should consider Ultimate Domains UK who offer domain registration for only '3.50 per year.
A name, symbol, or other device identifying a product, officially registered and legally restricted to the use of the owner or manufacturer. Trademark law can be different internationally. If someone registers a domain name such as Google.to then Google would require to go to the courts in Tonga to fight to get the name back. Expensive international litigation is one reason why it is important to protect your trademarks before someone else registers the names.
An operating system co-created by AT&T researchers Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson. Ritchie and Thompson established the UNIX operating conformity in the year 1969. UNIX has TCP/IP built in, and is therefore one of the most frequently used operating systems for servers on the internet. Ultimate Domains UK offers web hosting plans which operate on UNIX including the popular Ultimate Hosting Account.
The Uniform Resource Locator is the address of a resource attainable on the net. For example the URL for the Ultimate Domains UK homepage is http://www.ultimate-domains-uk.com. The first part of the address indicates what protocol to use, and the second part specifies the IP address or the domain where the resource is located. URLs may be either absolute (containing the entire address of the resource) or relative (containing only a part of the address).
A worldwide bulletin board structure that can be accessed conversations the internet or communications many online services. Each newsgroup acts as a public discussion forum and could be read by anyone at any Usenet site globally using a newsreader. When a user posts an article to a newsgroup the article is distributed around the Usenet network to those sites carrying the particular newsgroup. There are more than 25,000 USENET discussion groups today.
correctly stands for Unix to Unix Encoding which is a method for converting files from Binary to ASCII (text) so that they can be sent across the Internet via e-mail.
An World Wide Web tool that allows you to search by keyword conversations gopher titles and directories. The Veronica database could be searched from most major gophermenus. Veronica was originated in 1992 by Steven Foster and Fred Barrie at the University of Nevada.
WAN is a group of personal computer networks bracketed together over long distances. The Internet is a WAN. Typical WAN interfaces include plain old telephone service (POTS) lines, digital subscriber lines (DSL), cable, T1/T3, and ISDN. WAN is short for Wide Area Network. web design hosting services.
A Web hosting business is a entity that specialises in hosting web sites for other organizations on their servers. A great example of a web hosting company is Ultimate Domains UK, who is one of the UK's largest web hosting providers. Web hosting is a facility that grants World Wide Web consumers with online systems for looking after knowledge, , video, or any content accessible via the web. A woman or man does not need a PC or internet access to be hosted. In order to get more information relating to web hosting services and Ultimate Domains UK, please contact Ultimate Domains UK's support.
A hypertext-based, distributed material organization originally created by researchers at CERN, the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, to enable sharing research instruction. The Web is a network of servers linked together by a common protocol, allowing access to many millions of hypertext resources. It is also known as WWW, W3 and the Web. The term is very often mistakenly employed as a synonym for the internet, but the Web is actually a service that operates over the internet.
WHOIS databases contain nameserver, registrar, and in some cases, full contact knowledge about a extension. Each registrar must maintain a WHOIS database containing all contact info for the domain names they host. This advice is provided free of charge to the public communications a search for WHOIS material in that database. If you are looking to see if a domain name is attainable or not, you could do this via a WHOIS search or by visiting Ultimate Domains UK's domain page.
A zone file is stored on a name server and supplies info to do with one or more extensions. Each zone file contains a list of DNS records with mappings between domains and IP addresses. These records define the IP address of a domain name, the reverse lookup of an IP to other extensions, and contain DNS and mail server information. Zone files are also known as master files.
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